Canada legalized euthanasia and assisted suicide in June 2016 under the term Medical Assistance in Dying (MAID). In December 2016, the federal government announced that the Council of Canadian Academies (CCA) would research and provide recommendations in December 2018 concerning the expansion of euthanasia in three areas:
Mature minors (child euthanasia),
People who are incompetent but previously requested MAID, and
For psychological suffering alone.
In September 2018, the Journal of Medical Ethics published a paper titled, “Medical Assistance in Dying at a paediatric hospital.” This paper concerns a proposed policy for implementing euthanasia for children that was developed by a committee at the Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto. The paper states that it:
…is intended as a road map through the still-emerging legal and ethical landscape of paediatric MAID.
Based on the influence of the Hospital for Sick Children, the Euthanasia Prevention Coalition (EPC) is concerned that the proposed policy outlined in this paper would impact the direction that the Canadian government follows if it extends euthanasia to children.